Your first acquaintance with Armenia and Yerevan usually starts at Zvartnots International airport named after Zvartnots temple. Next, you enter Yerevan driving by the Yerevanian Lake. Yerevan is the capital of Armenia and one of the oldest cities in the world. It stretches under the gaze of biblical Ararat Mountain and resembles a beautiful gilt bowl to those flying over it. Tours in Yerevan
usually start with a basalt slab with an Urartu cuneiform inscription, unearthed by archaeologists in the south-eastern part of the city shows the age of Yerevan to be 2800 years old in 2018 (starting from 782 BC). The lore has it that Yerevan was built over 7 hills. During your tours in Yerevan
you will enjoy a modern colorful city with buildings of unique architecture, constructed from basalt, marble, onyx and volcanic tuff stone. Yerevan is a contemporary to such ancient metropolises as Akhenaton, Babylon and Thebes, Nineveh and Carchemish.
This is Yerevan as we know it today, a city of Christian cathedrals, modern airport, theatres and museums, universities and academies, parks and research labs, squares and industrial sites and, finally, of art-loving and sophisticated people. Its vast squares, wide streets and avenues, green parks and gardens, blossoming with colors of apricot and cherry trees in springtime, give the city a special charm. The refreshing fountains offer coolness in the hot summer days.
The Republic square was built in the 1940s in traditional Armenian architectural style. The arches of the buildings lining the square and the motifs of the bas-reliefs are unique in their conception and resemble the structural shapes of the Armenian architectural and spiritual monuments of the 10th-13th centuries which will happen again and again during your tours to Armenia
The building of the National Opera and Ballet Theatre was designed by the renowned architect Alexander Tamanian. The design won the Grand Prix at the Paris World Fair of 1937.
Matenadaran, the museum and scientific institute named after Mesrop Mashtots, is the world’s richest depository with approximately 14,000 ancient manuscripts in its collection. Ancient and unique samples of world literature are preserved in Matenadaran (built in 1958); some of them have been lost in the original and are available only through their Armenian translations. The Matenadaran has over a thousand manuscripts in Arabic, classical Greek, Hindi, Assyrian, Latin, Ethiopian, Georgian languages. No tours in Yerevan
are complete without visiting the old and new wings of Matenadaran.
Erebouni fortress-museum is housed in the ancient citadel of Erebouni, the predecessor of the present-day Yerevan. Its display includes bronze and iron tools, earthenware, weapons, ornaments and other articles made by Urartu craftsmen which have been uncovered during excavations on the site of the ancient fortress town. A visit to the palace of King Argishti, the founder of Yerevan, is also a point of interest. Remains of fortress walls, temples, water ducts and other ancient structures have left their imprint on the land.
The National Art Gallery has a huge collection including Armenian artists as well as Russian and west European masterpieces. For instance, paintings by Hovhannes Ayvazovski are widely held in high esteem. The Museum of Armenia’s History is in the same place and represents the history of Armenia from ancient times until the present. The Martiros Saryan house-museum on Saryan Street has about 150 works. Each painting is a passionate declaration of love from the artist to his native land: Armenia. During your tours in Yerevan
you will see a huge copy of Saryan’s painting on the wall of a big building. This makes an impression!
Yerevan is in a position to compete with many metropolises of the world with its beautiful and ingenuous statues. Including: The Armenia epic hero David of Sassoun, hero of the national liberation war of the 5th century Vardan Mamikonian, the founder of classical Armenian music Father Komitas, Painter Martiros Sarian. Composer Alexander Spendiarian, the great Armenia poet Hovhannes Toumanian, Sayat-Nova, a bard of the late medieval period, composer Aram Khachatourian, composer Armen Tigranian, architect Alexander Tamanian. and many more statues and sages you can see in Armenia, that continue to this day to inspire and motivate the inhabitants of Yerevan and cultivate trust toward the future.
During the tours in Yerevan
tourists will also have a chance to see the Modern Art Gallery, Independence Column, the Tombstone of Alexander Tamanian, chief-architect of Yerevan, who developed the modern plan of the city, a Cascade Complex made of white stone and connecting Victory Park to the Opera House by a unique architectural form. The huge statue of Mother Armenia with its solemn image, symbolizing the independence and power of Armenia, and the Palace of Youth which with its unique shape attract people’s attention from any point of the city.
One can visit The Pantheon, the burial site of many famous Armenians and the unique Museum of Sergey Parajanov, famous Armenian artist and film director, which is situated next to the St. Sargis church on the bank of Hrazdan River. There is also Tsitsernakaberd – one of the holy places in the city. The memorial with an eternal flame and the museum devoted to the victims of Genocide 1915 are situated next to the Sports and Concerts Complex. You can also see the Kievian Bridge over the Hrazdan River and many other attractions on Bagramian Avenue: the House of Parliament, the Academy of Sciences, The Office of the President, Constitutional Court, dozens of foreign representations and embassies, The Houses of Writers and Architects, and many others. The view of Ararat’s summit will guide you during your tours in Yerevan
Yerevan preserves the ancient traditions of crafts. Blacksmiths, potters, silversmiths, rug weavers, wood carvers, carvers of khachkars (cross-stones) all have apprentices in their workshops and studios that pick the creative skills of the trade from master artisans.
Your tours in Yerevan
do not end up with museums only: Yerevan is a more beautiful city by night. Hundreds of indoor and outdoor cafes with live music, Concert halls and theaters, hotels and restaurants, discos, supermarkets, offices, night clubs and casinos make downtown a favorite place both for city hosts and tourists. Honestly, even taking a pilgrimage to Armenia
with a religious purpose you still enjoy Yerevan as a city of warm stones and warm people.
Yerevan has a fine heart that is open for guests. The ancient metropolis never closes its gates. Yerevan seems to be waiting for a miracle; this expectation rises each morning like the sun in the firmament, showering rays of gold and dreams on all of us.
The Capitals of Armenia:
VAN (TOSP) 830 – 350 BC
ARMAVIR 350 – 190 BC
ARTASHAT 190 BC – 335 AD
DVIN 335 – 428 AD
ANI 961 – 1045 AD
SIS 1173 – 1375 AD
YEREVAN Since 1918